Water Resource Management

Fluid Solutions provides its clients professional services including planning, acquisition, augmentation, and management of water resources. These efforts are designed to provide sufficient water for development that meets regulatory requirements in the most reliable and cost-effective manner possible. Potentially available water resources include groundwater, surface water, Colorado River Water, Central Arizona Project (CAP), and treated wastewater. Fluid Solutions utilizes a “resource recycling” approach to water resource management. This approach focuses on assessing water needs; securing necessary water supplies; treating water if necessary to meet the needs of the intended end use; distributing water to users; collection and treatment of wastewater; and augmenting available water supplies through direct reuse or replenishing aquifers through groundwater recharge.

Water Rights

Regardless of the intended use, securing the necessary water rights is essential in Arizona. Water rights can be complicated, but whether its groundwater rights or surface water rights, Fluid Solutions has the experience to secure your water rights.

  • Applications and Registrations
  • Depending on the situation, late applications for grandfathered groundwater rights can still be successful. Fluid Solutions has been successful in obtaining grandfathered groundwater rights as recently as 2008.

  • Annual Reporting
  • If you own land that has appurtenant grandfathered groundwater rights, you must file an annual report with the Arizona Department of Water Resources by March 31. This is the true even if you have not used any water or if your land has been leased by a farmer. Fluid Solutions collects the data and files annual reports for clients with leased farm land, subleased Type 2 Non-Irrigation Grandfathered Rights and golf courses with multiple water sources.

  • Adjudication Support
  • If you own land or use water located within a watershed undergoing a general stream adjudication, you must actively participate to ensure your rights are preserved. Fluid Solutions can work with you to represent your interests in the adjudication process.

  • Water Use Contract Negotiations
  • Whether you are a Type 2 Non-Irrigation Grandfathered Right holder seeking to lease a portion of your right or a developer needing to negotiate a line extension agreement with a water company, Fluid can help. We have extensive experience representing clients on either side of these common water use contracts. We can think through the possibilities and plan for the contingencies.

Resource Planning

Integrated water resource management is the key approach utilized by Fluid Solutions.  The goals of these efforts are to locate and ensure reliable, cost-effective supplies of water for existing communities and proposed development. Fluid Solutions prepares water plans that incorporate short and long-term strategies; supply sources; water uses; legal, physical and institutional constraints; and infrastructure plans to create a clear path for its clients to follow and reduce uncertainty to the extent possible.

  • Assured Water Supply and Water Adequacy Studies
  • Assured Water Supply and Water Adequacy Studies—Necessary to securing an assured or adequate water supply approval are efforts that include estimating water demands, preparing water budgets, conducting groundwater modeling, analyzing physical and legal availability of water supplies, and assessing groundwater quality. Fluid Solutions has enrolled many subdivisions as “Member Lands” of the CAGRD.

  • Municipal Service Area Supplies and Rights
  • Service area rights and how they are established has changed in the past five years. Fluid Solutions has experience establishing new service area rights in light of these changes and has innovated the use of seed water rights which go overlooked by others, both to make service area right establishment less expensive and more flexible. Furthermore, Fluid Solutions has assisted communities in the development of Capital Improvement Plans for water and wastewater projects. These plans incorporated the infrastructure required to bring the community’s Water Plan to fruition and served as the foundation upon which Water Resource Fees were developed and adopted.

  • Hydrologic/Hydraulic Modeling
  • Fluid Solutions prepares hydrologic studies for use by our clients and regulatory agencies to demonstrate and develop water supplies. We understand the costs involved and can work with a variety of hydrologic approaches to find one that best fits your project.

  • Conservation Plans
  • Fluid Solutions has experience developing conservation plans on the small-scale, such as a plan to keep a large-lot subdivision’s water use below a certain GPCD and the large-scale, such as a plan for conservation in the Upper San Pedro Basin.

  • Demand Studies
  • Accurate estimates of demand are essential in water resource planning. Since Fluid is able to approach the issue from both the engineering and water resource perspectives, we can identify water demand for infrastructure planning and assured water supply purposes.

  • Water Budget Analysis
  • An overall water budget can be complex when dealing with multiple supplies and ramped growth, where one or more supplies may on come on-line at future dates.  Fluid Solutions has the experience to properly analyze water demands and supplies in a time-stepped approach.

  • Groundwater Recharge
  • Recharge is quickly becoming a commonplace feature of many development plans.  Fluid Solutions has obtained underground storage facility permits and water storage permits for its clients.  In addition, Fluid has obtained numerous recovery well permits for its clients, which is an oft-overlooked aspect of groundwater recharge, namely the ability to recover your stored water.

  • River System Analysis
  • The interaction between groundwater and surface water is a growing area of concern for many water users. Fluid has the technical expertise to represent clients on both sides of the issue.

Supply Development

 Water supply development and distribution systems deliver water resources to end users.  For groundwater resources, water supply development includes well siting, design, installation, and aquifer testing.  Proper distribution system development and management requires matching anticipated water demands with available supplies on an as-needed basis.  Where required, storage, distribution, and treatment works are planned, modeled, permitted, designed and developed to ensure that water demands are met.  Fluid Solutions also provides comprehensive services including: hydrologic, hydrogeologic, and engineering analysis and design and construction management services to support supply development and distribution management efforts.

  • Well Site Identification, Well Design, and Aquifer Testing
  • Spring Analysis and Collection System Design
  • Surface Water Analysis
  • Water Rights Appraisal
  • Physical/Legal Availability Analysis
  • Water Rights Conversion
  • Rate Analysis and Development

System Planning and Management

  • Master Planning
  • Distribution System Modeling and Mapping
  • Disinfection System Modeling
  • Operations Optimization

Supply Augmentation

Supply augmentation and water conservation practices allow water uses to maximize available water resources.  The two most common means of water supply augmentation are groundwater recharge and water reuse.  Within AMAs, the use of mined groundwater as a means to serve new development is limited by the Assured Water Supply Rules, the primary tool for the achievement of the goal of Safe Yield.  Aquifer recharge utilizing treated wastewater, CAP water or surface water represents one method of replenishing groundwater supplies.  Recharged water may be recovered in the future to meet water demands.  Recharge/Recovery systems can be developed to cost-effectively balance supply availability with water demands.  Reusing untreated surface water supplies or treated wastewater for non-potable purposes such as irrigation of crops or turfgrass can extend available potable supplies and reduce costs.  Water conservation also can extend available water supplies in a cost effective manner.

  • Reclaimed Water Reuse/Recharge
  • Reuse/Recharge Master Planning
  • Development Guidelines
  • Reuse Distribution
  • Water Balance and Storage Requirements
  • Groundwater Recharge and Recovery Pilot Studies and Facilities Design